Are you new to sewing and stuff? Well, you have probably seen double weave fabrics but know so little about it. This fabric is a family of weave styles in which the face of the fabric is efficiently detached from the back; however, at specific interlacing, each of its side maintains enough structural integrity. This makes double weave fabrics different from others.
Matelassés and tubular fabrics are the best examples and are encountered in both decorative and utilitarian roles. Naturally, matelassé types of fabrics are decorative and are typically used in both bed clothing and upholsteries.
How is Double Weave Characterized?
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Basically, double weaves are characterized by harness floats – be it in paired yet with greater combinations in front or different paired yet with greater float combinations on the back. These sets of floats are kept uniquely by using warp yarns that alternate at long intervals – between the cloth’s front and back, that is.
How a Double Weave Fabric is Formed/Created
Double weave, in its simplest form, uses a point diagram as well as a filling cross section diagram. This is basically to show interchanges between the top and bottom. In most cases, warp yarns are represented by each end so as to permit easier visualizations. Various repetitions of each single end weaving pattern is combined to achieve the double face of the fabric.
A Bit of History
In one way or another, double weaves could include either shuttle or shuttle-less weaving techniques or simultaneous weft insertions in top and bottom. Nevertheless, if one is to use shuttle weaving, a continuous loop of weft yarn is interleaved from corner to corner of the fabric’s width. This technique is common to unbroken, sealed tubular fabric.
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Other technical uses of this fabric are vascular grafts and spacesuit joints. According to history, the latter being a double weave tubular fabric was pioneered by Georgia Tech in 1970s; while Dr. Howard Olson further developed its elbow and knee joints in 1980s. This had helped astronauts’ arms and legs to veer away from possible vascular destruction during bending motions.