Hand stitching is very important especially if you are just working on small sewing projects that it doesn’t require you to use a sewing machine. It is also very helpful for repairing simple damages on your dresses or on your fabric. Instead of going to a tailor or dressmakers, you can do it on your own by performing those simple hand stitches.
Here are some helpful information about hand stitching and how to perform it:
Securethe thread with tiny back stitches at the beginning of the work and with a figure-8 knot at the end. For the figure-8 knot, take a tiny back stitch, wrap the thread under and around the needle before pulling the needle through.
Thefell stitchis useful for joining two layers of fabric from the right side. Insert the needle directly below where it came out of the fabric, and bring it out 1/8" ahead and opposite where it first came out of the fabric. There will be diagonal stitches on the wrong side.
Thewhipstitchis used for seaming fabrics, either right or wrong sides together. The stitches should be about 1/16" apart, and only as deep as necessary to create a firm seam. Leave a tail of thread when you start, and work several stitches over it to secure and hide the thread.
Thebackstitchmakes a very strong seam. Take a 1/8" stitch, then insert the needle either 1/16 or 1/8" behind the thread, and take another 1/8" stitch.
Thedrawing stitchinvisibly joins two layers of fabric with folded edges from the right side. Take a short stitch through one folded edge, then in the other folded edge.
Thecatch stitchis very useful for hemming as well as joining two edges. Take a small backstitch, move to the other layer, and take another backstitch.
Theovercast stitchis used to prevent raveling. Work evenly, and as closely together as necessary for a secure edge.
The rolled hem uses a slipstitch to secure a very narrow finished edge. Roll the fabric between your thumb and finger (or, if the fabric won't roll, fold it), then secure it with a tiny stitch that catches just a thread or two from the fabric and then a short stitch through the roll (or the edge of the fabric).
Thebaseball stitchis a decorative stitch to join two abutted edges. Insert the needle between the edges, bring it out 1/8" from one edge, insert between the edges again, and bring it out in the other edge. Work closely together for a secure seam.