Everything You Need to Know About Sewing Machine
  • By
  • Gears
  • Posted May 11, 2016
Everything You Need to Know About Sewing Machine

Learn More About Sewing Machine Through Its Parts

Learn More About Sewing Machine Through Its Parts

Clothes are getting more and more expensive nowadays. People want to find different ways to cut off a big chunk of their shopping budget. Some go to thrift shops while others go to garage sales as much as they can to get items at the cheap.

Although scavenger hunts like this can be fun, you can’t really rely on it if you want to find clothes that would fit well. Most of the time, you’ll get items that are worn down or don’t really fit you well even though they look good.

Still, the best alternative for avid shoppers is to learn sewing. Doing so won’t just give you a new skill, you will also be able to recycle, repair, and create new clothes and garment designs to add to your closet.

For those looking to improve their sewing skills, it would really help if you’ve mastered the basics. All tailors have mastered the parts that make up the sewing machine and the functions of each of this part. It allows them to understand the entire art of sewing better than anybody.

Not all sewing machine brands operate the same way, but, they do have a similar function and most share the same parts. Whether it’s a hand-operated, treadle, or electric they have similar parts. Refer to the items below for a short guide of the basic parts and function of this useful machine:

  1. Sewing Bed – The garments to be sewn rests on it. It also makes the machine more stable.
  2. Bobbin Casing – You place the bobbin inside and it holds it in place.
  3. Spindle – It winds up and loads the thread into the machine.
  4. Spool Pin – Holds the thread spool in place
  5. Thread Guide – Positions the thread correctly while sewing
  6. Foot Press – Keeps the garment from moving around when you sew
  7. Dress Guard – Near the drive wheel and protects the sewer’s clothes while the machine is running.
  8. Treadle – Sewers place their foot on it
  9. Drive Wheel – It connects the treadle to the machine. You see it as the big wheel below.
  10. Belt – Balance wheel and drive wheel connector
  11. Feed Dog – Feeds the garment into the machine while it continues to sew
  12. Needle – Uses the thread to stitch up the garment accordingly. When the sewing wheel moves, it also moves.
  13. Thread Tension Control – Controls the tension of the thread being fed into the machine
  14. Throat Plate – This is where the thread from the feed dog and needle goes through. It also has a guide to make sure the sewer is sewing straight.
  15. Pattern Selector – Selects the stitch pattern to be used during sewing
  16. Hand Wheel – Manual movement of the needle controlled by the sewers hand.
  17. Reverse Lever – Allows the sewer to reverse the stitched up area.
  18. Stitch Selector – Controls the width and length of the stitch being applied on the garment

You can study the parts and their functions on your own sewing machine to help you master this skill much faster. It will help you identify where your sewing can go wrong and if your machine needs a repair. Maintenance work will also be easier since you know the parts that are malfunctioning. This resource will help you avoid sewing problems that could damage your work.


Kathy is fashion and lifestyle writer who has recently earned interest in sewing her own clothes. Writing for Sewing Ideas gives her another avenue to express her experiences and learning in her sewing journey.

13 December

Top 3 Timeless Fashion Tips

By kathy mateo


27 September

Latest Posts


Subscribe to our newsletter for good news, sent out every week.