There is an increasing focus on ecology, and with good reason. Unlike food, what we eat does not matter; but we all have the substance against our skin all day. There are more and more various forms of allergy developing. Once you are suffering from allergies, you won’t just consider organic fabrics. It’s more of applying as much as about preventing the development of allergies later on. It’s also of less importance if you sew clothes for your kids. Basically, children are susceptible to all substances that they are in contact with. And for the same reason, there has been great focus on avoiding all types of fabrics as they don’t only cause allergic reactions, but are also suspected to be carcinogenic and endocrine disrupting.
If you are ready to buy organic fabrics, you will find a large selection at Stofgiganten.
What Are Organic Fabrics, Really?
In context, there are two standards used to label substances – namely, GOTS and Oeko-tex 100th
GOTS - Global Organic Textile Standard
GOTS is an internationally recognized standard. To achieve this certification, it would require the production of the substance to be traced from the organic production of textile fibers all the way up to the finished product. It also includes all chemical products are used as examples. Dyeing of the fabric must be thoroughly evaluated to comply with all the basic requirements for toxicity and biodegradability. It is forbidden to use toxic heavy metals, formaldehyde and other solvents or nanoparticles in production.
In addition, there are requirements on how to handle waste water so as to ensure that it is properly cleaned.
The standard also sets a number of requirements for the company towards its employees. This includes the working hours available, hygiene and the safeness while working at the factory. Employees must be guaranteed of minimum salary, and that child labour is prohibited.
All parts of the supply chain are checked once a year compared to the existing ISO certifications required.
Oeko-Tex Standard 100 or, Simply Put, Oeko-Tex 100
Oeko-Tex Standard 100 is also an internationally recognized standard, but unlike GOTS, its focus is solely on the content of chemistry used in the fabric. The standard has 4 categories, certifying fabrics and garments. Category 1 is the strictest. It concerns all fabrics used by children 0-3 years old. Category 4 is about safeguarding the possibility of substances touching the skin at the point where it can. One great example is the curtain fabric. Oeko-Tex Standard 100 does not guarantee ecology as the substance does not have to be organic to achieve certification, although a big part of the fabric labelled with this standard is simultaneously organic.
In order to obtain certification, the substance being tested should not contain:
- Illicit drugs
- Legally regulated substances
- Known harmful, but not legally regulated chemicals
- As well as a number of parameters related to the general health care
The Obvious Advantages
There are many benefits to buying organic fabrics, and one is that that you get to avoid being exposed to harmful substances all day long. Taking the list of requirements to GOTS and Oeko-Tex certifications, one would think that the prices of organic fabrics are extremely high. This is not the case as there are non-certified materials that are priced quite high. When you buy certified fabrics, you get in return the advantage of doing something for the environment. Moreover, if you buy GOTS labelled substances, you can sleep well and soundly, knowing that the workers who produced them have undergone proper working conditions. So, if you want to sleep well at night, and buy yours here.
The Disadvantages of Organic Substances
Despite the price being a bit higher compared to other fabrics substances, the disadvantages are really hard to spot. The main drawback, however, is that the range of fabrics organic substances are smaller. Hence, it may be harder to find exactly what you want for your next sewing project.